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Unpacking the Recent Class-Action Lawsuit Shaking Up Toronto's Real Estate Market

Hey there, RealtyChatter community! It's Gary, and today we're diving into a topic that's been buzzing in the Toronto real estate world—a recent class-action lawsuit that could have far-reaching implications for brokerages, agents, and even home buyers and sellers. Let's break down the major points and what they could mean for you.

The Lawsuit: A Quick Overview

Mark Sunderland, a resident of Toronto, has filed a proposed class-action lawsuit against various real estate entities, including the Toronto Regional Real Estate Board (TRREB) and several brokerages. The lawsuit alleges that these organizations have violated Canada's Competition Act by colluding to fix, maintain, or control the prices for buyer brokerage services in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA).

The Court's Decision: A Mixed Bag

The defendants tried to get the case dismissed, arguing that the Statement of Claim didn't disclose a reasonable cause of action. However, the court had a different view:

  1. Brokerage Defendants: The court found that there is a reasonable cause of action against these defendants, who are essentially the brokerages involved in the case.

  2. Association Defendants: These are non-profit professional associations like TRREB and the Canadian Real Estate Association (CREA). The court also found a reasonable cause of action against them.

  3. Franchisor Defendants: These are franchisors of real estate brokerage services. The court decided that the Statement of Claim doesn't disclose a reasonable cause of action against them, essentially giving them a pass.

Three Major Takeaways

1. The Class-Action Lawsuit Could Set a Precedent

This lawsuit is significant because it could set a legal precedent. If Sunderland wins, it could open the floodgates for similar cases, affecting how brokerages operate and potentially leading to changes in how commissions are structured.

2. Partial Dismissal: Not All Defendants Are Equal

The court's decision to allow the case to proceed against the Brokerage and Association Defendants but not the Franchisor Defendants is noteworthy. It suggests that not all entities involved in real estate are equally accountable under the Competition Act.

3. Implications for Competition Law

One of the most intriguing aspects of the court's decision is the suggestion that you don't have to be a "competitor" to be held accountable under the Competition Act. This could broaden the scope of who can be implicated in such cases, making it a landmark decision in competition law.


The unfolding of this class-action lawsuit is something everyone in the real estate industry should keep an eye on. Whether you're an agent, a broker, or even a home buyer or seller, the outcome could have implications that affect you directly.

That's it for today's post! If you found this information valuable, be sure to share it with your network. Got questions or opinions? We'd love to hear them in the comments below.

Until next time, keep chatting about realty!

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